In addition to the 45 credits of formal statistics/biostatistics coursework, the student must complete 12 credits of coursework as minor in an area related to any life and health sciences disciplines. The minor may be obtained in areas such as pharmacology and toxicology, epidemiology, genetics, biology, physiology, bioinformatics, health policy, translational science and health economics, among many others, and it must be approved by the student’s advisory committee. Minors are structured by the minor department and requirements differ. Some departments may include a Minor Area examination. Most minors have a requirement of 12 credits.